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Prostate Cancer

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Prostate cancer is the most common cause of cancer death in men over age 75.

What is prostate cancer?

Prostate cancer starts in the prostate gland—a structure that is about the size of a walnut and responsible for making seminal fluid, which helps carry sperm out of the body during ejaculation.

Who develops prostate cancer?

You’re more likely to develop prostate cancer if:

  • you eat a high-fat diet (especially animal fats)
  • you have a father or brother with prostate cancer
  • you’re African-American

What are the symptoms of prostate cancer?

Symptoms of prostate cancer can also signal other prostate issues, such as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) or enlarged prostate. Usually prostate cancer symptoms occur at the later stages of the disease. Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing can also help detect prostate cancer before any symptoms appear. Common symptoms of benign enlargement or prostate cancer include:

  • blood in the urine or semen
  • bone pain or tenderness in the lower back and pelvic area (signs the cancer has spread)
  • dribbling or leakage of urine (usually after urinating)
  • problems with the urinary stream (delayed or slowed start, slow stream)
  • straining or inability to empty all of the urine

How is prostate cancer diagnosed?

A biopsy of prostate tissue can determine whether you have prostate cancer. Biopsies may be performed if your PSA level is high, or if a rectal exam uncovers a prostate nodule. Results from the biopsy will indicate aggressiveness of the cancer—referred to as the “Gleason score.” Computed tomography (CT) and bone scans may be needed to determine if spread has occurred.

How is prostate cancer treated?

Treatment options may include active surveillance, surgery (including minimally invasive robotic procedures), radiation, hormone therapy (medications that block hormones that the cancerous cells require for growth), chemotherapy and biologic therapy (medications that stimulate the immune system).

Valley Hospital’s Urologic Oncology Center offers comprehensive care for prostate cancer, including treatment options such as seed implantation. To make an appointment, please call 201-634-5567. Valley is also proud to offer minimally invasive surgery through its Institute for Robotic and Minimally Invasive Surgery.

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