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Pineal Region Tumors

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Pineal tumors account for 1 percent of brain tumors. The three most common types of pineal tumors are gliomas, germ cell tumors and pineal cell tumors. The cancerous form of a pineal tumor is called a pineoblastoma.

What are pineal region tumors?

Pineal region tumors account for one percent of brain tumors. The three most common types of pineal region tumors are gliomas, germ cell tumors and pineal cell tumors. The cancerous form of a pineal region tumor is called a pineoblastoma.

Who develops pineal region tumors?

Children and young adults are more likely than others to develop pineal region tumors.

What are the symptoms of pineal region tumors?

Pineal region tumors can cause:

  • fatigue
  • headaches
  • nausea and vomiting
  • trouble with memory
  • vision problems

How are pineal region tumors diagnosed?

Imaging, such as computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and biopsy can spot pineal region tumors and confirm their type.

How are pineal region tumors treated?

Surgery and radiation treatment (such as Gamma Knife Radiosurgery) are possible treatments. In many cases, Gamma Knife treatment can provide excellent pineal region tumor control. Chemotherapy may be used in certain cases. For cases of pineoblastoma, radiation may be given to the brain and spine to stop the spread of cancer through the cerebral spinal fluid. Devices called shunts may be needed to relieve fluid on the brain (hydrocephalus).

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